India is a behemoth of culture. The history of the country is magnificent. All of it is amazingly reflected on the kind of architecture and monuments that the country is embellished with. Some of these monuments are as old as thousand years. The RBI prints these monuments behind currency notes in order to display the rich cultural heritage and the splendid architecture.
Let’s take a tour of the monuments that these currencies proudly display:
1) 10 Rupees : Sun Temple, Konark
On 5th February, 2018, RBI introduced new currency of rupees 10. Similar to the old one, the front side shows the picture of Mahatma Gandhi while on the back side, you can see Konark Sun Temple of Odisha.
Also known as Surya’s Chariot, the temple was constructed in the 13th century. Built by by king Narasimhadeva I, it is one of the tallest temple of India till date.
The design carved on the temple portrays a chariot that is pulled by Surya’s seven horses. The seven horses depict seven days of the week. The masterpiece of arithmetic equation is recognised by UNESCO as World Heritage Site in 1984.
2) 20 Rupees : Ellora Cave, Aurangabad
The currency of rupees has been recently modified in the year 2019. The backdrop color was changed from pinkish red to florescent green type. The picture of beach from port blair printed on the reverse side was replaced with picture of the magnificent Ellora caves.
The Ellora Caves are located in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra. Said to be constructed between 600-1000 CE period, it has over 100 caves. It features Buddhists, Hindu and Jain artwork.
3) 50 Rupees : Stone Chariot, Hampi
The new currency of Rs.50 was introduced on 18 August, 2017. The color of the note has been changed from purple to flourescent blue. On the back side, it previously had a picture of the Snasad Bhawan which has been replaced with the picture of the splendid Stone Chariot of Hampi, Karnataka.
The marvelous structure was built between 14th to 16th century under the reign of Vijayanagar Empire. It was also mentioned in UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Site in 1986.
4) 100 Rupees : Rani Ki Vav, Gujarat
The old version of 100 rupee notes displayed the glorious Mount Kanchenjunga on it’s back. The new currency has the picture of Rani Ki Vav which is stepwell located in Patan on its reverse side.
It was constructed in 11th century by Solanki Queen Udayamati.
5) 200 Rupees : Sanchi Stupa, Madhya Pradesh
The currency with denomination 200 was first introduced in August 2017.
The orange-colored currency features Sanchi Stupa of Madhya pradesh which is a Buddhist monument. It was constructed by King Ashoka.
6) 500 Rupees : Red Fort, Delhi
During demonetization in 2017, all 500 rupee notes were taken back by the government.
Later, it was re-introduced with a new design which features the Red Fort.
Also known as ‘Qila-i-mubarak’, or Blessed Fort, it was built in the 17th century.